• Dr. Hugo Castro

Asociación de la tasa de mutaciones en el cáncer gástrico del estudio KEYNOTE-062

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2020) 31 (suppl_4): S841-S873. 10.1016/annonc/annonc284


Abstract 1442P


Authors

L.S. Wyrwicz1, K. Lee2, E. Van Cutsem3, Y. Bang4, C.S. Fuchs5, I. Kudaba6, M. Garrido7, H.C. Chung8, J. Lee9, H.R. Castro10, J. Chao11, Z.A. Wainberg12, Z..A. Cao13, D. Aurora-Garg13, J. Kobie13, R. Cristescu13, P. Bhagia13, S. Shah13, J. Tabernero14, K. Shitara15


Background:

In the phase III KEYNOTE-062 study (NCT02494583) in advanced GC or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (N = 763), first-line pembro was noninferior to chemo for OS in patients with PD-L1 CPS ≥1 but showed clinically meaningful improvement in patients with CPS ≥10; pembro + chemo did not show superior survival in patients with CPS ≥1 or in patients with CPS ≥10. We explored the association of TMB status and clinical outcomes in KEYNOTE-062.


Methods

In patients with available TMB data, the association of TMB (square root scale), assessed via F1CDx, with clinical outcomes was evaluated. Within each treatment group, confirmed ORR and PFS by blinded central radiology review per RECIST v1.1 and OS were evaluated using logistic regression (ORR) and Cox proportional hazards regression (PFS; OS) to calculate 1-sided (pembro; pembro + chemo) and 2-sided (chemo) P values. The clinical utility of TMB was assessed using the prespecified cutoff of 10 mut/Mb. Clinical data cutoff: March 26, 2019.


Results

306/763 patients (40%) had evaluable TMB data (pembro, 107; pembro + chemo, 100; chemo, 99). The overall prevalence of TMB ≥10 mut/Mb was 16%. The sample size of patients with high or low TMB was balanced across the 3 groups. TMB was significantly associated with ORR, PFS, and OS with pembro and pembro + chemo (P < 0.05) but not with chemo (P > 0.05). Patient outcomes by TMB cutoff are reported in the Table Table: 1442P

TMB≥10TMB≥10TMB<10TMB<10P (n=18) vs C (n=17)P+C (n=15) vs C (n=17)P (n=89) vs C (n=82)P+C (n=85) vs C (n=82)ORR, % (95% CI)56 (31-79) vs 41 (18-67)73 (45-92) vs 41 (18-67)7 (3-14) vs 48 (36-59)46 (35-57) vs 48 (36-59)PFS, HR (95% CI)0.52 (0.24-1.13)0.62 (0.39-0.97)1.73 (1.26-2.38)0.97 (0.82-1.14)OS, HR (95% CI)0.34 (0.14-0.82)0.54 (0.33-0.89)1.41 (1.02-1.95)1.01 (0.86-1.20)

HRs are adjusted for ECOG PS.

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Conclusions

This prespecified exploratory analysis from the randomized KEYNOTE-062 trial provides evidence of an association between TMB and clinical response with first-line pembro monotherapy and pembro + chemo but not with chemo in patients with GC. Data further suggest a survival benefit in pembro-treated patients with TMB ≥10 mut/Mb, which include a majority of patients with tumors with high microsatellite instability.


Clinical trial identification: NCT02494583.

Editorial acknowledgement: Medical writing and/or editorial assistance was provided by Holly C. Cappelli, PhD, CMPP, and Dana Francis, PhD, of the ApotheCom pembrolizumab team (Yardley, PA, USA) and funded by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.


Legal entity responsible for the study: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Funding Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.




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